Russia's shortage of munitions and logistics issues limit Russia's potential to restart large-scale offensive ground operations in Ukraine.
According to the update, Russia’s withdrawal from the west bank of the Dnipro River last month has provided the Ukrainian Armed Forces with opportunities to strike additional Russian logistics nodes and lines of communication.
This threat has highly likely prompted Russian logisticians to relocate supply nodes, including rail transfer points, further south and east, according to British intelligence.
Russian logistics units will need to conduct extra labor-intensive loading and unloading from rail to road transport. Road moves will subsequently still be vulnerable to Ukrainian artillery as they move on to supply Russian forward defensive positions.
“Russia’s shortage of munitions (exacerbated by these logistics challenges) is likely one of the main factors currently limiting Russia’s potential to restart effective, large scale offensive ground operations,” the report said.